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Jewels of the autumn sky

As the crisp autumn nights settle in, amateur astronomers eagerly anticipate the arrival of some of the most captivating celestial sights in the night sky. Now it's the perfect time to take out your telescope and explore the deep sky wonders of the heavens above. In this article, we will introduce you to some of the top deep sky objects to observe during autumn!

Messier 31 - Andromeda Galaxy

The Andromeda Galaxy, also known as Messier 31 or M31, is a remarkable object to observe during the autumn months in the Northern Hemisphere. Situated in the constellation of Andromeda, this spiral galaxy is the closest spiral galaxy to our Milky Way, making it a stunning target for even small telescopes. Its distance of approximately 2.5 million light-years means that you're seeing light that left the galaxy long before humans even existed.

Through a telescope, the Andromeda Galaxy appears as a hazy oval shape with a bright central core and faint spiral arms. This galaxy is a spectacular sight and a testament to the vastness of our universe. Right next to the Andromeda a keen eye can also spot two of it’s satelite galaxies – Messier 101 and Messier 32.

Messier 13 - The Great Hercules Cluster

Messier 13, also known as the Great Hercules Cluster, is a globular star cluster located in the constellation Hercules. It is one of the most famous globular clusters in the northern hemisphere's skies and a favorite target for amateur astronomers. This wonderful target is even visible with binoculars when viewed from a dark sky site!

Through a telescope, M13 appears as a dense ball of stars, resembling a dazzling jewel box. With over 100,000 stars tightly packed together, this cluster is a sight to behold. The Great Hercules Cluster is an excellent subject for both visual observation and astrophotography. Large aperture and high magnification reveals ever more stars in the core of the cluster so make sure to experiment with different telescopes!

NGC 281 - Pacman Nebula

The Pacman Nebula, officially known as NGC 281, is an emission nebula located in the constellation Cassiopeia. Its nickname is derived from the distinctive shape that resembles the iconic video game character.

With a telescope, the Pacman Nebula reveals intricate details and subtle colors. This region is a stellar nursery, where young stars are born from the surrounding gas and dust. The Pacman Nebula is an ideal target for deep-sky astrophotographers interested in capturing it’s intricate structure and the beauty of star formation in action.

IC1848 - Soul Nebula

Located in the constellation Cassiopeia, the Soul Nebula (IC 1848) is a stunning H II region full of intricate patterns and structures, with dark lanes of dust contrasting against the glowing hydrogen gas. When photographed through a telescope with a narrowband filter, the details of this celestial masterpiece become even more striking, revealing the delicate tendrils of nebulosity that carve their path through the cosmos.


Autumn months offer a splendid opportunity to explore the deep sky wonders that grace the night sky. Whether you are a seasoned stargazer or a beginner with a newfound passion for astronomy, these top deep sky objects provide a rich and diverse experience for observers and imagers alike.

The Andromeda Galaxy beckons us to ponder the immense scale of our universe, while Messier 13 dazzles with its countless stars. The Pacman Nebula and Soul Nebula offer glimpses into the birth and beauty of cosmic wonders. So, grab your telescope, head outdoors, and prepare to be mesmerized by the breathtaking celestial vistas awaiting you. Happy stargazing and keep looking up!